2022 2022 News-EN News-IT



why antivirus is not enough

It is often mistakenly believed that antivirus is an sufficient protection of the systems from cyber threats.

But that’s not the case, that’s why.

Antivirus is a protection against malware

Malware is malicious software that can infect computer systems by compromising them or allowing cybercriminals to access data.
The malware types are many: ransomware, trojans, spyware, wipers, cryptominers, worms, skimmers, … just to name a few.
Although malware is a significant problem, used in most cyber attacks (41% in 2021, see our Dashboard), there are other types of cyber threats.
These include, for example, Phishing, Social Engineering, exploitation of vulnerabilities, DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service), and much more.
Unfortunately, antiviruses are unable to deal with these threats and further solutions need to be put in place to mitigate them.

Not all antiviruses are created equal

Whether you choose a free antivirus or a paid one, modern products are generally of good quality, but they can differ in some features:

  • Reliability: the ability to correctly identify threats with a low number of false positives.
  • Quality of protection: the malware landscape is constantly changing, so a good antivirus must be able to update itself frequently and effectively detect and resolve the greatest number of threats.
  • Functionality: the antivirus must be able to perform its functions without significant impact on the system in use.
  • Ease of use: the antivirus must have an intuitive and easy to use interface, so that it can be used successfully even by less experienced users.
Don’t forget mobile devices!

Malware can also compromise mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
Since they are connected to the same network where there are computers and servers (both in the company and at home!), it is important to have antivirus protection also for all the used mobile devices.

Cyber Security involves numerous types of threats, which are constantly evolving.
For an adequate protection antivirus is certainly important but it is not enough.
On the contrary, to protect from the latest generation of cyber risks it is essential a targeted and customized strategy based on specific needs.

Find out how we can help you identify your customized Cyber Security strategy!

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2022 News-EN




It is no longer a mystery that cyber attacks are a concrete and constant threat.

And it is not certain that large companies or institutions are more protected or safer.

The attack suffered by the Lazio Region last summer is clear proof of how destructive (and embarrassing!) a Ransomware can be.

Trenitalia, for example, recently suffered a cyber attack that paralyzed the Italian automatic ticket machines.

Cyber ​​attacks of this kind are by no means rare and can have significant impacts: from the interruption of company services and activities, to economic losses up to reputational risks.

In addition to the correct preventive actions, it is clear that in the event of attacks it is necessary to put in place rapid and effective measures to properly manage the emergency.
So what are the main actions to be taken when undergoing a cyber attack?
  1. Implement the Disaster & Recovery Plan
  2. Each company should prepare and share a Disaster & Recovery Plan with staff.

    This plan includes all the useful information and actions to be implemented in the event of accidents, emergencies and cyber attacks, with the correct priorities.

    Among this information, the following must not be missing:
    • the reference of the systems manager
    • instructions for restoring data from backup
    • how to contact and what information must be provided to the authorities (including the Privacy Guarantor if necessary) and to all the victims involved (customers, employees, suppliers).
    Not having a Disaster & Recovery Plan (or having an inadequate one) can be a big risk to waste precious time during an emergency, or even making mistakes.

    It is therefore important not only to verify that the Plan is present, but also to evaluate it regularly so that it is updated, effective and timely.
  3. Understanding what happened (and fixing the problem)
  4. It is often mistakenly thought that, in the event of an attack, it is enough to restore the systems or regain possession of the data involved to solve the situation.

    While these are certainly priorities, it may not be enough.

    In fact, it is necessary to understand how the criminals were able to violate the systems and which security measures were not shown to be adequate.

    Problems must be recognized and resolved to prevent future attacks.

    SIAE knows something about it, since recently hit by the same ransomware and the same criminal group that violated them last year.

    If the IT department of the company is not able to solve the mystery, a good rule is to contact Cyber ​​Security specialists who will provide the necessary assessments and will also be able to find further vulnerabilities that could put the company in risk in the future.
  5. Do not be ashamed of the cyber attack (and communicate it correctly)
  6. Cyber ​​attacks must now be considered a norm.

    If you have not already been attacked, you will be in the future (and there is always the possibility that the attack took place without being discovered).

    In particular, for large companies, institutions and critical services, it should be normal to expect problems of this type and prepare to manage the emergency.

    But even small businesses can fall victim to attacks, albeit less targeted.

    A cyber attack, therefore, is not something to be ashamed of, but an eventuality to be managed.

    It must therefore be communicated in the correct way (not denied!), reported to authorities with timely information and all victims involved must be notified.

    Incorrect communication of the incident can be harmful in terms of loss of reputation and image.

    Paradoxically, however, a cyber attack managed and resolved correctly can become a virtuous example to show to customers.
In the event of cyber attacks, therefore, resolving the emergency is certainly a priority, but it is not enough: the risks of further violations or reputational ones should not be forgotten.

The post-attack analyzes, to ensure that vulnerabilities that led to the incident have been mitigated, and the correct communication of the incident should be considered additional priorities to be managed, like data recovery.

Good job!

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2022 News-EN




The scenario of cyber attacks is by no means rosy.

Criminal operations are constantly increasing, both in terms of frequency and criticality, with increasingly targeted attacks in order to maximize cybercrime profits.

The Covid-19 pandemic was a further aggravating situation: the criminals have not lost this opportunity to exploit this issue as much as possible, compromising companies, organizations and institutions already put to the strain by the management of the emergency.

Among the numerous targets, the healthcare sector is certainly the one that worries most of all.

As we showed in the Clusit Report 2022 presented a few weeks ago at the Italian Security Summit, since 2018, Healthcare is the fourth most targeted sector by criminals, with an ever-increasing number of attacks (13% of the total cyber attacks in 2021).

A trend, which not only shows no signs of decreasing, but also seems to be getting worse.
So what are the priority interventions for the health sector to try to stem this situation?
  1. Mitigate vulnerabilities
  2. The spread of IT and digital technology also in the Healthcare sector has facilitated activities and contributed to a more agile management of the entire healthcare sector.

    At the same time, however, it has contributed to increasing the risks of encountering several vulnerabilities:
    • incorrect configurations,
    • absence of patches or updates in operating systems and applications
    • installation and / or design defects
    • defects in the management of protocols and communications
    These issues can be exploited as an entry point to breach and compromise information systems, an even greater risk for those who manage data as sensitive as healthcare.

    It is a priority to carry out periodic checks (at least every 6 months) to find the evidence and mitigate it quickly.

    Unlike a normal company, in a healthcare facility Vulnerability Assessment must be performed with the utmost caution to avoid interruptions in activities.

    In addition, it would also be advisable to perform this check more frequently, in order to be sure to promptly handle issues.
  3. Verify the Cyber ​​Security strategy
  4. Solving vulnerabilities is really important but not the only solution.

    It is in fact very important to verify the cybersecurity strategy chosen by the healthcare facility.

    A good strategy must first of all include defensive solutions: these can include hardware products (such as firewalls), software (such as anti-malware products), and timely updating of systems and applications.

    A robust, up-to-date and properly configured backup system is equally a priority: in the event of a ransomware infection, the backup could in fact be the only salvation.

    Finally, it is also necessary to have a good disaster recovery plan, because, although the defensive solutions may be adequate, the chances of suffering a cyber attack are nonetheless.

    It is important, in this case, to be prepared and that the response would be rapid and effective, with priority of intervention previously shared and reviewed frequently.
  5. Cyber Security Awareness Trainings
  6. Some types of cyber attacks are complex to recognize and not easily intercepted by software solutions such as anti-malware products.

    Among these threats are, for example, Phishing, BEC (Business Email Compromise) scams and all types of online scams, which can have very serious consequences and induce victims to carry out harmful actions without their knowledge, such as installing malware or providing information to criminals.

    To try to stem this problem, it is useful to train staff to recognize the main threats and the most recent types of cyber attacks.

    Cyber Security Awareness trainings are useful for this purpose and should be organized for employees, collaborators and company management, at least once a year.
Being aware and prepared for the main cyber threats, and in particular for those specific to your sector, is now an essential priority for everyone.

But it is even more so for the healthcare sector, which is important and which, in addition to its systems, must also be able to protect our health data.

Good job!

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